Glossary of Christianity

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
This is a glossary of terms used in Christianity.
Contents [hide]
















  • Oblate
  • Old Testament - name used by Western Christians for the Hebrew scriptures to distinguish them from the Greek scriptures, which they call the "New Testament." In the "New Testament," the Hebrew scriptures are simply denoted "the scriptures" or "the holy scriptures" (Matt. 21:42, John 5:39, 2 Tim. 3:15-16). In other instances they are referred to by their two divisions ("Law": Gk, νόμος=Heb, תּוֹרָה and "Prophets": Gk, προφήται=Heb, נביאים ) (Matt. 5:17, 7:12) or three divisions ("Law," "Prophets," and "Psalms") (Luke 24:44). "Psalms" as the largest book in the "Writings", Heb, כתובים designates them in this reference. For the Greek Orthodox, all scripture is Greek scripture, namely the Septuagint and the Kainē Diathēkē. For the Syrian Orthodox, all scripture is Aramaic, namely the Peshitta. Some Western Christians suggest a more neutral term, such as Hebrew Bible.




In allegorical representations, relationships between elements of a text or composition are understood to stand for different relationships between elements not found in the text or composition; meaning is thus constituted through the difference between the superficial (or literal) meaning of the text or composition, and a "deeper" meaning. In Jewish thought this method is best known through the works of Philo. The extreme form of remez, sod, understands the Tanakh as an allegory for a mystical understanding of the universe and as a means for mystical communion with God; this approach is best known through Kabbalistic texts such as the Zohar. Traditionally, only Jews who have mastered the midrashic method and the corpus of halakha are encouraged to pursue this form of interpretation. In Christianity this method was first promoted by Saint Paul.








See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jump up to: //**a**// //**b**// //**c**// "Etymology of the word "Amen"". D.Messaoudi. Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
  2. Jump up ^ "Amen". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
  3. ^ Jump up to: //**a**// //**b**// //**c**// "Amen". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
  4. Jump up ^ Microsoft Encarta Dictionary Tools. Retrieved 20 August 2007
  5. Jump up ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX, //Monotheism//; William F. Albright, From the Stone Age to Christianity; H. Richard Niebuhr, ;, //Monotheistic Religion resources//; Jonathan Kirsch, God Against the Gods; Linda Woodhead, An Introduction to Christianity; The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia //Monotheism//; The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, //monotheism//; New Dictionary of Theology, //Paul// pp. 496-99; David Vincent Meconi, "Pagan Monotheism in Late Antiquity" in Journal of Early Christian Studies pp. 111–12
  6. Jump up ^ BBC, //BBC - Religion & Ethics - Christianity//
  7. Jump up ^ Book of Isaiah //Book of Isaiah, Chapter 53.//
  8. Jump up ^ Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1995.
  9. Jump up ^ Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 31a
  10. Jump up ^ Matthew 7:12
  11. Jump up ^ CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Incarnation
  12. Jump up ^ L. Jacobs 1973 A Jewish Theology p. 24. N.Y.: Berman House
  13. Jump up ^ This definition of covenant is from O. Palmer Robertson's book The Christ of the Covenants. It has become an accepted definition among modern scholars. See this summary of his book by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon.
  14. Jump up ^ Ernest Klein - Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language
  15. Jump up ^ 1 Chronicles 22:2
  16. Jump up ^ Exodus 12:48; 20:10; 22:21
  17. Jump up ^ Catholic Encyclopedia: Chronology of the Life of Jesus Christ: "At an early age He must have learned the so called Shema (Deuteronomy 6:4), and the Hallel, or Psalms 113-118 (Hebrew)"
  18. Jump up ^ Sharp, I., 1977. " Petaluma 'Sheriff of God'" . San Francisco Examiner , 6 October p.1
  19. Jump up ^ The Oxford Study Bible, Suggs et al., editors. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. p. 1365 note to John 1:1.
  20. Jump up ^ Philip Schaff's History of the Christian Church, book 7, chapter 4: "The most important example ..." James D. G. Dunn, Jesus, Paul and the Law: Studies in Mark and Galatians, Westminster/John Knox Press, 1990, chapter 8: "Works of the Law and the Curse of the Law"